The culture of the Philippines reflects the country’s complex history. It is a blend of the Malayo-Polynesian and Hispanic cultures, with influence from Chinese, Indians, Arabs, and other Asian cultures.
The Philippines was first settled by Melanesians, today they preserve a very traditional way of life and culture, although their numbers are few. After them, the Austronesians or more specifically; Malayo-Polynesians, arrived on the islands. Today the Austronesian culture is very evident in the ethnicity, language, food, dance and almost every aspect of the culture. These Austronesians engaged in trading with China, India, the Middle East, Borneo,Ryukyu and other places, as a result their cultures have also left a mark on Filipino culture.
When the Spanish colonized the islands, after more than three centuries of colonization, they had heavily impacted the culture. The Philippines being governed from both Mexico and Spain, had received lots of Hispanic influence. Mexican and Spanish influence can be seen in the language, ethnicity, dance, food, religion, architecture, costumes, festivals, crafts and many other aspects of the culture. After being colonized by Spain, the Philippines became a U.S. territory for about 40 years. Influence from the United States is seen in the wide use of the English language, and the modern pop culture.
Culture is a term that has many different inter-related meanings. However, the word “culture” is most commonly used in three basic senses: Excellence of taste in fine arts and humanities, also known as high culture An integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for symbolic thought and social learning. The set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution, organization, or group.
Culture define historically, the five greater fine arts were painting, sculpture, architecture, music and poetry, with minor arts including drama and dancing. Today, the fine arts commonly include the visual art and performing art forms, such as painting,sculpture, installation, calligraphy, music, dance,theatre, architecture, film, photography,conceptual art, and printmaking. However, in some institutes of learning or in museums fine art, and the Culture continue as well, are associated exclusively with those art forms.
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